Grooming, A Prerequisite for Therapeutic Massage for Cats

One of the first signs of sickness or disharmony in a cats internal environment is when the cat stops grooming themselves on a regular basis. Anyone who has been blessed by the presence of cats in their home knows that cats groom themselves frequently throughout the day. This is an instinct that is passed on from mother to child. Mothers immediately start licking their children and they make sure to lick the anus of their children to stimulate the anal reflex nerves so that the kittens will have a connection from mouth to anus along the gastrointestinal tube. One of the best things we can do to get a cat who is fickle about being massaged is to break out the grooming brush and let them sniff it until they start to rub up against the brush, signaling that they want to be groomed. There are many good grooming gloves and tools on the market. Some are cheap and fall apart really quickly. The clothe ones with little rubber nubs glued onto a cloth mitt will work just fine and are very cheap for those of you who can’t afford much. My favorite and my cats friends favorite tool is the KONG ZoomGroom for cats. You can get these for $7.49 at PetSmart. They are very flexible and sturdy and will probably last the life of the cat. One last little grooming tool is a small plastic flea comb which you can get at any pet store for a dollar. I generally start with the KONG tool because you can start gently with this and control the amount of drag on the hair and pressure you use on the cat. With older cats you will need to start very slowly and work with softer pressure, stroking from the top of the head to the tip of the tail. Using two KONG tools at once will put you cat friend into an very blissful state which is very unique to cats I think. I wish I could be in that state myself sometimes. Look for signs of the cat moving away from any area that you are grooming over. If the cat starts to react to any area by moving away or tightening up to the work, make a mental note of this. This is a sure sign that there is some pain in this area and we will want to investigate this later when we start the therapeutic part of the massage. Try to avoid this area if it hurts them or be very gentle over this area if they will tolerate it without a guarding response.The cat will probably guide you to areas that they want massaged more by moving into the brush or lying down and exposing the side they want you to work on, or pushing strongly up against the brush when you are stroking that area. Make sure you lighten up on the pressure when you work on their sides. The ribs are very fragile in the cat. They look like a medium sized fish bones in some cats and so we don’t want to use so much pressure that we damage a rib or bruise the tissue over the ribs. There is really no muscle to speak of over the ribs so please be careful here. Also while many cats love their belly groomed there are many cats that will scratch you if you try to groom them there or will respond by going into play mode, especially if they are young. If you watch cats play fighting with each other they are often going after the stomach. It is also better to switch to the plastic flea comb when working on the stomach and the limbs. After you have spent a lot of time grooming with the KONG tool then go to the plastic flea comb and move gentle over the body with the comb, making sure you hold the cat with one hand near the site where you are grooming so you can focus the pull of the comb in one area and make it easier for the cat to relax. If you take twenty minutes to do this every other day you will have a very relaxed and loving cat that will not be throwing up so many hairballs and you will have a flea less cat who will be healthy and happy for the rest of their life. You should end the session by stroking the cat from the head to the tip of the tail and from trunk to the toes with your hands. Linda Tellington calls this Noah’s March and in Swedish Massage we call this effleurage. The proven therapeutic action of this type of stroke, with the hands or the brush is to move blood and lymph fluid to the skin and underlying subcutaneous tissues, stimulation of the peripheral nervous system and propagation of parasympathetic signaling to all organs of the body, stimulation of endogenous endorphin production via pleasure signaling neurons in the brain, reduction of pain, and in Chinese medicine you will be clearing the cou li space and moving wei chi (defensive chi) so the the cat can resist invasions of the pathogenic factors better. You will also find doing this to be very therapeutic for yourself. It is a wonderful meditation in loving kindness and if you are attentive and gentle you will find yourself calming down and becoming more loving, kind, and attentive to others needs. This is the warm up stroke for all other types of massage strokes and is probably the most therapeutic type of massage stroke that you can do to improve your cat friends health and provide some preventive maintenance. A quick tune up for the entire system. In fact if you got this kind of stroking every other day you would be a much happier and more relaxed person. I will be covering pressure point and trigger point work for cats in the next blog so be sure to RSS feed this blog. I will also be adding some videos on the effleurage stroke for cats soon as well so you can see this work in action. Make sure you check out video gallery because we are loading some uncut recording of dog massage on our video page. I hope this blog finds you all in a happy state of mind and in good health. Until next time, I hope you will have a peaceful and joyful day.

Massage For Cats A Professional Approach

Cats are unique massage subjects that require equally unique techniques and approaches to massage. As massage therapists our human clients come to us for massage and are willingly put their bodies under our hands for nurturing. With animal massage generally we go to our clients if they are cats or horses. Dogs can be brought to us and are either willing or unwilling to be massaged depending on their mood or energy level. It is to expensive to bring horses to us and cats do not travel well so it is best for us to go to them.

Before we accept the appointment we should get an approval from the clients supervising DVM and obtain a copy of any medical history from the DVM’s who have treated the animal. The animals caretaker should ask the DVM if their are any contraindications or cautions to massage and this should be documented through email or a letter from the DVM. Every state in the USA regulates veterinary practice so you should become familiar with the laws in your own state if you wish to do professional animal massage. It is safe to say that all states require a DVM to supervise any treatment done with animals that constitutes veterinary practice and each state defines what constitutes veterinary practice in that state. Even if the states didn’t regulate animal massage or veterinary practice you should understand that DVM’s have gone to veterinary medical schools for at least four years and generally have more knowledge of health problems in animals than the vast majority of animal massage therapists. We want to help animals with massage and not hurt them so we should rely on the DVM’s education and experience in the field to guide us.

Humans can give us oral feedback that we can use to modify our treatment. Animals generally communicate with us in their own language of body positioning that other animals will be able to read clearly so it is important for an animal massage therapist to learn the language of each animal species that they plan to work with so that we are speaking the same language or at least understanding the signals that they are communicating to us with.
An excellent book for learning the language of cats is

When we arrive at the cats residence we will need to complete a client intake form if we haven’t had the cats caretaker do this before hand. After we have completed a thorough intake, both written and oral, and determined that there are no general or local contraindications for massage we should do a gait analysis to determine if there is any gaiting irregularities. If the cat is in the room moving around during the intake you should watch the cats movements for any irregularities. If the cat is not moving around we can encourage the cat to move with play toys or by having the cats caretaker offer them treats and move around the room to different locations to get the treats. If we do find any gaiting irregularities we should note them on the client assessment form and determine which muscles and or bones are involved before determining our treatment plan. If we can, we should film the cat in motion and keep a record of the gait analysis so we can slow the motion down on our computer and get a clearer picture of what is happening with the cats gait. We can also use this material for reassessment purposes to determine if the massages we have done is helping correct the faulty gait.

The time that we spend on doing a thorough intake and gait analysis will also allow the cat to get familiar with us and scent mark us with their tail and cheeks. If the cat does not mark us during this time we can safely assume that the cat is not acting normally towards us and might have some psychological problems as well, because cats normally mark anything that comes into their domain. If the cat is reluctant to mark us and come to us we can try to entice it with healthy treats or have the animals caretaker hold the cat in their lap so we can approach the cat while the cat is in a safe place. If the cat is still fearful we can use a feather to stroke the cat or put a light towel around the cat leaving the head exposed and allowing the cats legs to be free to move. If the cat has a history of aggression to humans we will need to be very cautious in our approach. Make sure that you have the caretaker put a folded towel on their lap or we should put a folded towel in our lap if we have the cat in our lap so the cat doesn’t scratch us or them while trying to get away. We can stroke the exposed head of the cat with a feather or the back of the closed fingers of our hand so we don’t get bitten. Stroke with the feather over the towel lightly so the cat gets used to this light touch through the towel. Linda Tellington-Jones has a great video on TTouch for cats
that shows the correct approach for aggressive cats. Using her method of TTouch for aggressive cats you should be able to significant progress in a few ten to fifteen minute sessions. Gaining the cats trust is crucial to making progress in a massage with cats. We are trying to get a parasympathetic nervous system response that disengages the fight-flight-freeze mechanisms of the nervous system.

If the cat does mark us and allows us to touch them we should begin with soft effleurage strokes from muzzle to tail a few time and off of the cranial and caudal limbs to determine if their are any hot or cold areas, painful areas that the cat will not let you touch, or particularly empty or full areas of tissue. For a clinical massage therapist we might also do a pulse diagnosis from the traditional Chinese acupressure pulse points along the femoral artery on the medial surface of the caudal limbs or the radial artery pulse on the cranial limbs. A professional animal massage therapist should pause after the initial palpations and create a treatment plan at this point so the animal will benefit from a well planned session that takes into account all of the information that has been gleaned from the written and oral intake, gait analysis, pulse diagnosis and opening palpation.